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Author (up) Faseru, B.; Choi, W.S.; Krebill, R.; Mayo, M.S.; Nollen, N.L.; Okuyemi, K.S.; Ahluwalia, J.S.; Cox, L.S. file  url
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  Title Factors associated with smoking menthol cigarettes among treatment-seeking African American light smokers Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Addictive Behaviors Abbreviated Journal Addict Behav  
  Volume 36 Issue 12 Pages 1321-1324  
  Keywords African Americans/*psychology; Age Factors; Carbon Monoxide/analysis; Depressive Disorder/ethnology; Female; Humans; Kansas/epidemiology; Male; *Menthol; Middle Aged; Risk Factors; Sex Factors; Smoking/*ethnology; Socioeconomic Factors; Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/ethnology; *Tobacco  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Smoking menthol cigarettes is more prevalent among African Americans (AA) compared to Whites. Menthol has been found to be inversely related to smoking cessation among AA, yet little is known about the factors associated with menthol smoking among AA light smokers. This study examines baseline demographic, psychological, and smoking factors associated with smoking menthol cigarettes among AA light smokers (</=10 cigarettes per day). METHODS: Participants (n=540) were enrolled in a double blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial of bupropion in combination with health education counseling for smoking cessation. Bivariate differences between menthol and non-menthol smokers were explored and baseline factors associated with smoking menthol cigarettes were identified. RESULTS: Participants averaged 46.5 years in age, predominantly female (66.1%), and smoked an average of 8.0 cpd (SD=2.5). The majority (83.7%) smoked menthol cigarettes. In bivariate analysis, menthol cigarette smokers were younger (mean age: 45 vs. 52 years p<0.0001), were more likely to be female (68% vs. 52% p=0.003) and had smoked for shorter duration (28 vs. 34 years p<0.0001) compared to non-menthol smokers. While depression and withdrawal scores were slightly higher and exhaled carbon monoxide values were lower among menthol smokers, the differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Among AA light smokers, younger individuals and females were more likely to smoke menthol cigarettes and may be more susceptible to the health effects of smoking. Appropriately targeted health education campaigns are needed to prevent smoking uptake in this high-risk population.  
  Call Number Serial 370  
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Author (up) Gundersen, D.A.; Delnevo, C.D.; Wackowski, O. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title Exploring the relationship between race/ethnicity, menthol smoking, and cessation, in a nationally representative sample of adults Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Preventive Medicine Abbreviated Journal Prev Med  
  Volume 49 Issue 6 Pages 553-557  
  Keywords African Americans; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Ethnic Groups; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Health Surveys; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; *Menthol; Middle Aged; Smoking/*ethnology; Smoking Cessation/*ethnology; United States  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between race/ethnicity, menthol smoking, and cessation in a nationally representative sample of adults. METHODS: Data from the 2005 U.S. National Health Interview Survey was analyzed. Our analyses were restricted to 7815 white, black, and Hispanic current and former cigarette smokers who indicated that they do not currently use other tobacco products and have made a quit attempt. We used multiple logistic regressions to test the relationship of menthol smoking and cessation controlling for various factors. RESULTS: Significant interaction effects were found indicating that the association between menthol smoking and cessation differs between whites and blacks, and whites and Hispanics. When blacks and Hispanics are collapsed as non-white, we found that non-white menthol smokers were significantly less likely to have quit smoking (adjusted odds ratio=0.55, p<0.01) compared to their non-menthol smoking counterparts. In contrast, among whites, menthol smokers were more likely to be former smokers than nonmenthol smokers (adjusted odds ratio=1.17, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings provide some support for the hypothesis that menthol smoking can lead to poorer cessation outcomes, but only for non-white smokers.  
  Call Number Serial 371  
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