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Author Jiang, N.; Lee, Y.O.; Ling, P.M. file  url
  Title Association between tobacco and alcohol use among young adult bar patrons: a cross-sectional study in three cities Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication BMC Public Health Abbreviated Journal BMC Public Health  
  Volume 14 Issue Pages 500  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adolescent Health Services; Adult; Alcohol Drinking/*epidemiology/prevention & control; Cities; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Restaurants; Smoke-Free Policy; Smoking/*epidemiology/prevention & control; Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology/prevention & control; Tobacco; United States/epidemiology; Young Adult  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Bars and nightclubs are key public venues where young adults congregate and use both tobacco and alcohol, and young adult bar patrons are at high risk for substance use. This study examined the association between cigarette smoking and alcohol use among a random sample of young adult bar patrons from three different cities in the USA. METHODS: Cross-sectional data was collected from a random sample of young adult bar patrons aged 18-29 in San Diego, CA (N = 1,150), Portland, ME (N = 1,019), and Tulsa, OK (N = 1,106) from 2007-2010 (response rate 88%) using randomized time location sampling. Respondents reported the number of days they smoked cigarettes, drank alcohol, and binge drank in the past 30 days. Multinomial logistic regression was used to analyze the association between smoking (nonsmoker, occasional smoker, and regular smoker) and drinking and binge drinking for each city controlling for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education. Predicted probabilities of each smoking category were calculated by drinking and binge drinking status. The association between smoking and drinking and binge drinking among combined samples was also analyzed, controlling for demographic variables and city. RESULTS: Respondents reported high current smoking rates, ranging from 51% in Portland to 58% in Tulsa. Respondents in Tulsa were more likely to report regular smoking than those in San Diego and Portland, with demographic variables being controlled. Young adult bar patrons also exhibited a strong association between smoking and drinking. In general, as the frequency of drinking and binge drinking increased, the predicted probability of being a smoker, especially a regular smoker, increased in each city. CONCLUSIONS: Young adult bar patrons consistently reported a high smoking rate and a strong relationship between smoking and drinking, regardless of the different bar cultures and tobacco control contexts in each of the three cities. While smoke-free bar policies were negatively associated with regular smoking, these policies alone may not be enough to influence the association between smoking and drinking, particularly if tobacco marketing continues in these venues, or in the absence of programs specifically addressing the co-use of tobacco and alcohol.  
  Call Number Serial 1947  
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Author Campbell, P.; Jordan, K.P.; Dunn, K.M. file  url
  Title The role of relationship quality and perceived partner responses with pain and disability in those with back pain Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.) Abbreviated Journal Pain Med  
  Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 204-214  
  Keywords Adjustment Disorders/*epidemiology/*psychology/rehabilitation; Adult; Aged; Caregivers/*psychology; Cohort Studies; Comorbidity/trends; Cross-Sectional Studies; Empathy; Female; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Low Back Pain/*epidemiology/*psychology/rehabilitation; Male; Middle Aged; *Social Support; Spouses/*psychology  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to investigate the associations of key constructs of relationship quality (cohesion, consensus, and satisfaction) and perceived partner responses to pain behavior (e.g., solicitous and negative responses) with the outcomes of pain and disability in those with long-term low back pain, and to explore the role of the patient's depressive symptom mood state on those associations. METHODS: Self-report questionnaires on pain intensity, disability, relationship quality, perceived partner reactions to pain, and depressive symptoms were collected from participants (N = 174) taking part in a longitudinal study on low back pain within a primary care sample. RESULTS: Participants reporting more consensus (e.g., agreement about sexual intimacy, level of affection) in their relationships had significantly higher pain intensity (P = 0.03), and solicitous partner responses (P = 0.04) were significantly positively associated with disability levels. However, the findings for pain intensity were only present in those with higher levels of depression, while the association of solicitous responses with disability was only significant in those with lower levels of depression, indicating a suppression effect of depression on pain and disability. CONCLUSIONS: Depressive symptoms play a significant role in determining the associations between relationship quality, perceived partner reactions, and pain and disability. The relationship construct of consensus and perceived solicitous responses were associated with pain and disability. These findings illustrate the importance of social context and patient mood state on the outcomes for those with low back pain.  
  Call Number Serial 2069  
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Author Davis, J. file  url
  Title The effect of qualifying language on perceptions of drug appeal, drug experience, and estimates of side-effect incidence in DTC advertising Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of Health Communication Abbreviated Journal J Health Commun  
  Volume 12 Issue 7 Pages 607-622  
  Keywords Adult; Advertising as Topic/*standards; Analysis of Variance; Drug Industry/*standards; Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions; Female; Humans; Likelihood Functions; Male; Patient Satisfaction/*statistics & numerical data; *Persuasive Communication; *Pharmaceutical Preparations; Risk Assessment/*standards; Surveys and Questionnaires; *Terminology as Topic; United States; United States Food and Drug Administration  
  Abstract This study examined how the use of qualifying language in direct-to-consumer (DTC) pharmaceutical advertising affects consumers' perceptions of drug appeal, anticipated pleasantness of drug usage, and the expected incidence of side-effect occurrence. A sample of 669 individuals participated in a 2 x 8 complete factorial design. The design manipulated the number of side effects associated with drug use and the type of qualifying language used to describe the side effects. The eight experimental qualifying language cells represented one control condition (no qualifying language), three cells where each of three types of qualifying language were presented individually, and four cells where qualifying language was combined. The results indicate that qualifying language has a profound effect on drug perceptions, especially when used in combination. Drug appeal and the anticipated drug-using experience almost always were more positive in the presence of qualifying language. Qualifying language appears to exert its influence by causing individuals to reduce their estimate of the likelihood of experiencing individual side effects. Policy implications of the research, particularly for evaluation of “fair balance” and the reporting of side effects, are presented.  
  Call Number Serial 1390  
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Author Kim, H.; Ha, J.-S.; Park, J. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title High temperature, heat index, and mortality in 6 major cities in South Korea Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health Abbreviated Journal Arch Environ Occup Health  
  Volume 61 Issue 6 Pages 265-270  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Child; Child, Preschool; *Climate; Hot Temperature/*adverse effects; Humans; Infant; Korea/epidemiology; Middle Aged; Mortality/*trends; Time Factors; Urban Health/*trends  
  Abstract The authors conducted a time-series analysis to estimate the acute effects of high temperature in 6 cities in Korea and to compare thresholds of temperature on daily mortality among the cities. They examined the association between total mortality and the daily mean temperature and heat index during the summers in Korea from 1994 to 2003. The threshold temperature was estimated to be between 27.0 degrees C and 29.7 degrees C for 4 cities. For a daily mean temperature increase of 1 degrees C above the thresholds in Seoul, Daegu, Incheon, and Gwangju, estimated percentage increases in daily mortality were 16.3 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 14.2-18.4), 9.10 (CI = 5.12-13.2), 7.01 (CI = 4.42-9.66), and 6.73 (CI = 2.47-11.2), respectively. These city-specific threshold temperatures and the magnitude of the effects of hot temperature indicate that any analysis of the impact of climate change should take into account regional differences.  
  Call Number Serial 487  
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Author Muszlak, M.; Pissard, S.; Badens, C.; Chamouine, A.; Maillard, O.; Thuret, I. file  url
  Title Genetic Modifiers of Sickle Cell Disease: A Genotype-Phenotype Relationship Study in a Cohort of 82 Children on Mayotte Island Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Hemoglobin Abbreviated Journal Hemoglobin  
  Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 156-161  
  Keywords Adolescent; Anemia, Sickle Cell/diagnosis/*genetics/therapy; Child; Child, Preschool; Cohort Studies; Erythrocyte Indices; Female; Gene Expression Regulation; *Genes, Modifier; Genetic Association Studies; Genotype; Hemoglobin, Sickle/genetics; Humans; Infant; Male; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative Trait Loci; alpha-Thalassemia/diagnosis/genetics; beta-Thalassemia/diagnosis/genetics; Bcl11a; HSB1L-MYB intergenic region; Mayotte Island; XmnI polymorphism; sickle cell disease  
  Abstract Sickle cell disease presents a great clinical variability that remains largely misunderstood. New disease protective genetic modifiers acting mainly through an increased Hb F level have recently been described. We studied relations between clinical and hematological phenotypes and known sickle cell disease genetic modifiers in patients from Mayotte Island, a remote French territory located in the Indian Ocean. Eighty-two children with sickle cell disease were enrolled; their median age was 5.9 years (range 1-18). Clinical and hematological features of sickle cell disease were retrospectively collected. Genetic studies included determination of beta-globin genotypes [Hb SS, Hb S-beta(0)-thalassemia (Hb S-beta(0)-thal), Hb S-beta(+)-thal], beta(S)-globin locus haplotype, alpha-thalassemia (alpha-thal), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in quantitative trait loci for Hb F expression (XmnI polymorphism, BCL11A rs4671393 and rs11886868, intergenic region of HBS1L-MYB rs28384513, rs4895441 and rs9399137). Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Twenty-eight percent of the patients had Hb S-beta-thal (eight different mutations in 21 patients), 55.0% had the -alpha(3.7) (rightward) deletion and 88.0% of the homozygous Hb SS patients were carrying a homozygous Bantu haplotype. In the multivariate model, the prognosis role of the SNP BCL11A rs4671393 was confirmed in the studied population showing a significant association with an elevated Hb F level and with a low hospitalization rate. The -alpha(3.7) deletion, XmnI polymorphism and intergenic region HBS1L-MYB SNPs were not significantly linked to any clinical criteria of severity. This report, the first to describe the main features of children with sickle cell disease on Mayotte Island, highlights the protective effect of the BCL11A polymorphism in this population.  
  Call Number Serial 1375  
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Author Mottron, L.; Belleville, S.; Stip, E.; Morasse, K. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title Atypical memory performance in an autistic savant Type Journal Article
  Year 1998 Publication Memory (Hove, England) Abbreviated Journal Memory  
  Volume 6 Issue 6 Pages 593-607  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Analysis of Variance; Autistic Disorder/*psychology; Cues; Humans; Male; *Memory; Mental Recall; Names  
  Abstract This study explored the mechanisms underlying the hypermnesia of an autistic savant (NM) through three experiments. The first two served to assess whether absence of interference was responsible for NM's exceptional list memory. The third investigated the type of cues used in recall. Results indicated absence of retroactive interference but presence of slight proactive interference in list recall of proper names. Normal interference effects were found, however, in list recall of common nouns. Exceptional performance was also demonstrated in a missing-name task involving spatial and verbal recall cues. The findings suggest that the outstanding episodic memory presented by some savant persons with autism might be related to an abnormally high resistance to interference.  
  Call Number Serial 78  
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Author Shaheen, S. file  url
  Title How child's play impacts executive function--related behaviors Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Applied Neuropsychology. Child Abbreviated Journal Appl Neuropsychol Child  
  Volume 3 Issue 3 Pages 182-187  
  Keywords Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/rehabilitation; Autistic Disorder/physiopathology/rehabilitation; Child; Child, Preschool; Developmental Disabilities/physiopathology/rehabilitation; *Evidence-Based Medicine; Executive Function/*physiology; Humans; Infant; Kinesthesis; Learning/*physiology; Play Therapy/*methods; *Play and Playthings; Treatment Outcome; Teams; Tools of the Mind; executive function; interventions; play; self-regulation  
  Abstract Executive functions refer to an array of organizing and self-regulating behaviors often associated with maturation of the prefrontal cortex. In fact, young children with rudimentary neurodevelopment of the prefrontal cortex develop ways to inhibit impulses and regulate behavior from a very early age. Can executive functioning be impacted by intervention, practice, or training? What interventions impact development of executive function in childhood, and how can these be studied? Several programs are reviewed that propose to positively impact executive/self-regulation skills. Evidence-based programs are contrasted with popular programs that have little empirical basis but have apparent wide acceptance by educators and families. As self-regulation has critical implications for later school and life success, interventions may well attenuate the negative consequences of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, brain injury, and social stressors. Programs with active play components may be more successful in eliciting improved executive function (defined here as self-regulation) because of the importance of motor learning early on and because of the social motivation aspects of learning. Caution is advised in the recommendation of programs where there is little empirical basis to support program claims. Carefully planned outcome studies can help bring the most effective components of programs to the mainstream.  
  Call Number Serial 2007  
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Author Schechter, D.S.; Coots, T.; Zeanah, C.H.; Davies, M.; Coates, S.W.; Trabka, K.A.; Marshall, R.D.; Liebowitz, M.R.; Myers, M.M. file  url
  Title Maternal mental representations of the child in an inner-city clinical sample: violence-related posttraumatic stress and reflective functioning Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Attachment & Human Development Abbreviated Journal Attach Hum Dev  
  Volume 7 Issue 3 Pages 313-331  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Analysis of Variance; Child Abuse/prevention & control/psychology; Child of Impaired Parents/psychology; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Logistic Models; *Mental Processes; Middle Aged; *Mother-Child Relations; Parenting/*psychology; Poverty Areas; Risk Factors; *Social Perception; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*psychology; United States; Violence/*psychology  
  Abstract Parental mental representations of the child have been described in the clinical literature as potentially useful risk-indicators for the intergenerational transmission of violent trauma. This study explored factors associated with the quality and content of maternal mental representations of her child and relationship with her child within an inner-city sample of referred, traumatized mothers. Specifically, it examined factors that have been hypothesized to support versus interfere with maternal self- and mutual-regulation of affect: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and maternal reflective functioning (RF). More severe PTSD, irrespective of level of RF, was significantly associated with the distorted classification of non-balanced mental representations on the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI) within this traumatized sample. Higher Levels of RF, irrespective of PTSD severity, were significantly associated with the balanced classification of maternal mental representations on the WMCI. Level of maternal reflective functioning and severity of PTSD were not significantly correlated in this sample. Clinical implications are discussed.  
  Call Number Serial 2171  
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Author Terry-McElrath, Y.M.; Wakefield, M.A.; Emery, S.; Saffer, H.; Szczypka, G.; O'Malley, P.M.; Johnston, L.D.; Chaloupka, F.J.; Flay, B.R. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title State anti-tobacco advertising and smoking outcomes by gender and race/ethnicity Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Ethnicity & Health Abbreviated Journal Ethn Health  
  Volume 12 Issue 4 Pages 339-362  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior; Child; Continental Population Groups/*statistics & numerical data; Cross-Sectional Studies; Ethnic Groups/*statistics & numerical data; Female; Health Promotion/*methods; Humans; Male; Peer Group; Sex Factors; Smoking/*ethnology/*prevention & control; Television; United States/epidemiology; United States Dept. of Health and Human Services  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: This paper examines overall and gender- and racial/ethnic-specific relationships between exposure to state-sponsored anti-tobacco televised advertising and smoking-related outcomes among US middle and high school students using five years of cross-sectional nationally representative data. DESIGN: Nationally representative 8th, 10th, and 12th grade student sample data for 1999-2003 were merged with commercial ratings data on mean potential audience exposure to network and cable television anti-tobacco advertising across the 74 largest US designated market areas, resulting in a final sample size for analysis of 122,340. Associations between state-sponsored anti-tobacco televised advertising exposure and youth smoking-related beliefs and behaviours were modelled while controlling for relevant individual and environmental factors as well as other televised tobacco-related advertising. RESULTS: Higher potential for exposure to state anti-tobacco advertising within the previous four months was generally associated with decreasing odds of current smoking across groups. In addition, such exposure was related, to varying degrees, with decreased perceptions that most/all friends smoked, stronger five-year intentions not to smoke, and increased perceived harm of smoking. These relationships appeared possibly to be weaker for Asian students. CONCLUSIONS: The results from these analyses indicate that state anti-tobacco advertising significantly relates to beneficial outcomes -- especially regarding current smoking behaviour -- among US youth as a whole.  
  Call Number Serial 378  
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Author Shrestha, R.; Trauger-Querry, B.; Loughrin, A.; Appleby, B.S. file  url
  Title Visual art therapy in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: a case study Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Neurocase Abbreviated Journal Neurocase  
  Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages 243-247  
  Keywords Adult; Art Therapy/*methods; Cerebral Cortex/diagnostic imaging/pathology; Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome/diagnostic imaging/pathology/*rehabilitation; Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Female; Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/pharmacokinetics; Humans; Photic Stimulation/*methods; Positron-Emission Tomography; Treatment Outcome; Visual Perception/physiology; Prion disease; art therapy; disease progression; patient outcome; sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease  
  Abstract This paper describes the diagnostic and treatment utility of visual art therapy in a case of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Visual art therapy was compared longitudinally with clinical and neuroimaging data over five-month period in an autopsy-confirmed case of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease of MM2-cortical subtype. Art therapy sessions and content were useful in ascertaining neuropsychiatric symptoms during the course of her illness. Art therapy offered a unique emotional and cognitive outlet as illness progressed. Patients and families affected by sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease may benefit from art therapy despite the rapidly progressive nature of the illness. Art therapy can also be useful for assessment of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease by healthcare professionals.  
  Call Number Serial 2087  
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