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Author (up) Fals-Stewart, W.; Golden, J.; Schumacher, J.A. file  url
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  Title Intimate partner violence and substance use: a longitudinal day-to-day examination Type Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Addictive Behaviors Abbreviated Journal Addict Behav  
  Volume 28 Issue 9 Pages 1555-1574  
  Keywords Adult; Alcohol Drinking/psychology; Antisocial Personality Disorder/psychology; Cocaine-Related Disorders/psychology; Female; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Medical Records; Middle Aged; Models, Psychological; Models, Statistical; Risk Factors; Spouse Abuse/*psychology; Substance-Related Disorders/*psychology  
  Abstract The likelihood of male-to-female physical aggression on days of male partners' substance use, during a 15-month period, was examined. Participants were from married or cohabiting partner violent men entering a drug abuse treatment program (N=149). Compared to days of no drug or alcohol use, the likelihood of male-to-female physical aggression was significantly higher on days of substance use, after controlling for male partners' antisocial personality (ASP) disorder and couples' global relationship distress. Of the psychoactive substances examined, the use of alcohol and cocaine was associated with significant increases in the daily likelihood of male-to-female physical aggression; cannabis and opiates were not significantly associated with an increased likelihood of male partner violence.  
  Call Number Serial 237  
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Author (up) Nigg, J.T.; Wong, M.M.; Martel, M.M.; Jester, J.M.; Puttler, L.I.; Glass, J.M.; Adams, K.M.; Fitzgerald, H.E.; Zucker, R.A. file  url
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  Title Poor response inhibition as a predictor of problem drinking and illicit drug use in adolescents at risk for alcoholism and other substance use disorders Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Abbreviated Journal J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry  
  Volume 45 Issue 4 Pages 468-475  
  Keywords Adolescent; Alcoholism/*psychology; Attention; Child; Female; Forecasting; Humans; *Inhibition (Psychology); Male; *Reaction Time; Risk Factors; Substance-Related Disorders/*psychology; Thinking  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive power of executive functions, in particular, response inhibition, in relation to alcohol-related problems and illicit drug use in adolescence. METHOD: A total of 498 children from 275 families from a longitudinal high-risk study completed executive function measures in early and late adolescence and lifetime drinking and drug-related ratings at multiple time points including late adolescence (ages 15-17). Multi-informant measures of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder were obtained in early childhood (ages 3-5), middle childhood, and adolescence. RESULTS: In multilevel models, poor response inhibition predicted aggregate alcohol-related problems, the number of illicit drugs used, and comorbid alcohol and drug use (but not the number of drug-related problems), independently of IQ, parental alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder, child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and conduct symptoms, or age. Multivariate models explained 8% to 20% of residual variance in outcome scores. The incremental predictive power of response inhibition was modest, explaining about 1% of the variance in most outcomes, but more than 9% of the residual variance in problem outcomes within the highest risk families. Other measured executive functions did not independently predict substance use onset. CONCLUSION: Models of alcoholism and other drug risks that invoke executive functions may benefit from specifying response inhibition as an incremental component.  
  Call Number Serial 2059  
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Author (up) Parrott, D.J.; Drobes, D.J.; Saladin, M.E.; Coffey, S.F.; Dansky, B.S. file  url
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  Title Perpetration of partner violence: effects of cocaine and alcohol dependence and posttraumatic stress disorder Type Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Addictive Behaviors Abbreviated Journal Addict Behav  
  Volume 28 Issue 9 Pages 1587-1602  
  Keywords Adult; Alcoholism/psychology; Cocaine-Related Disorders/psychology; Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry); Female; Humans; Interview, Psychological; Male; Middle Aged; Risk Factors; Sex Distribution; Spouse Abuse/*psychology; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*psychology; Substance-Related Disorders/*psychology  
  Abstract The present study examined the effects of substance dependence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on perpetration of partner violence. Participants were 72 men and 124 women diagnosed with and/or without PTSD and cocaine or alcohol dependence. Participants were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID-IV) and completed the Conflict Tactics Scale-2 (CTS-2). Analyses indicated that participants with comorbid cocaine dependence and PTSD reported the highest frequency of partner violence relative to all other groups. Main effects were also detected for drug dependence and PTSD. Results suggest that substance dependence and PTSD alone are associated with increased violence in couples, and most importantly, the presence of PTSD serves to further potentiate the perpetration of partner violence among cocaine-dependent individuals.  
  Call Number Serial 226  
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