Records Links
Author Schechter, D.S.; Coots, T.; Zeanah, C.H.; Davies, M.; Coates, S.W.; Trabka, K.A.; Marshall, R.D.; Liebowitz, M.R.; Myers, M.M. file  url
Title Maternal mental representations of the child in an inner-city clinical sample: violence-related posttraumatic stress and reflective functioning Type Journal Article
Year 2005 Publication Attachment & Human Development Abbreviated Journal Attach Hum Dev  
Volume 7 Issue 3 Pages 313-331  
Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Analysis of Variance; Child Abuse/prevention & control/psychology; Child of Impaired Parents/psychology; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Logistic Models; *Mental Processes; Middle Aged; *Mother-Child Relations; Parenting/*psychology; Poverty Areas; Risk Factors; *Social Perception; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*psychology; United States; Violence/*psychology  
Abstract Parental mental representations of the child have been described in the clinical literature as potentially useful risk-indicators for the intergenerational transmission of violent trauma. This study explored factors associated with the quality and content of maternal mental representations of her child and relationship with her child within an inner-city sample of referred, traumatized mothers. Specifically, it examined factors that have been hypothesized to support versus interfere with maternal self- and mutual-regulation of affect: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and maternal reflective functioning (RF). More severe PTSD, irrespective of level of RF, was significantly associated with the distorted classification of non-balanced mental representations on the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI) within this traumatized sample. Higher Levels of RF, irrespective of PTSD severity, were significantly associated with the balanced classification of maternal mental representations on the WMCI. Level of maternal reflective functioning and severity of PTSD were not significantly correlated in this sample. Clinical implications are discussed.  
Call Number Serial 2171  
Permanent link to this record

Author Newman, L.A.; Kaljee, L.M. file  url
Title Health Disparities and Triple-Negative Breast Cancer in African American Women: A Review Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication JAMA Surgery Abbreviated Journal JAMA Surg  
Volume 152 Issue 5 Pages 485-493  
Keywords Africa South of the Sahara/ethnology; Africa, Eastern/ethnology; Africa, Western/ethnology; African Americans/ethnology/genetics/*statistics & numerical data; Anthropology, Medical; Diet; European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics/*statistics & numerical data; Female; Health Services Accessibility; *Health Status Disparities; Humans; Incidence; Life Style; Socioeconomic Factors; Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/*ethnology/genetics/mortality; United States/epidemiology  
Abstract Importance: Variation in cancer incidence and outcome has well-documented correlations with racial/ethnic identity. In the United States, the possible genetic and ancestral hereditary explanations for these associations are confounded by socioeconomic, cultural, and lifestyle patterns. Differences in the breast cancer burden of African American compared with European/white American women represent one of the most notable examples of disparities in oncology related to racial/ethnic identity. Elucidating the source of these associations is imperative in achieving the promise of the national Precision Medicine Initiative. Observations: Population-based breast cancer mortality rates have been higher for African American compared with white American women since the early 1980s, largely reflecting declines in mortality that have been disproportionately experienced among white American patients and at least partly explained by the advent of endocrine therapy that is less effective in African American women because of the higher prevalence of estrogen receptor-negative disease. The increased risk of triple-negative breast cancer in African American women as well as western, sub-Saharan African women compared with white American, European, and east African women furthermore suggests that selected genetic components of geographically defined African ancestry are associated with hereditary susceptibility for specific patterns of mammary carcinogenesis. Disentangling health care access barriers, as well as reproductive, lifestyle, and dietary factors from genetic contributions to breast cancer disparities remains challenging. Epigenetics and experiences of societal inequality (allostatic load) increase the complexity of studying breast cancer risk related to racial/ethnic identity. Conclusions and Relevance: Oncologic anthropology represents a transdisciplinary field of research that can combine the expertise of population geneticists, multispecialty oncologists, molecular epidemiologists, and behavioral scientists to eliminate breast cancer disparities related to racial/ethnic identity and advance knowledge related to the pathogenesis of triple-negative breast cancer.  
Call Number Serial 2123  
Permanent link to this record

Author Bakan, D. file  url
Title Behaviorism and American urbanization Type Journal Article
Year 1966 Publication Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences Abbreviated Journal J. Hist. Behav. Sci.  
Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 5-28  
Keywords Behaviorism; United States, Ideological  
Abstract An attempt “to explain the development of behaviorism in the United States by placing it within the larger cultural, ideological and historical context of the American experience.” (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)  
Call Number Serial 2114  
Permanent link to this record

Author Langlois, J.A.; Rutland-Brown, W.; Wald, M.M. file  url
Title The epidemiology and impact of traumatic brain injury: a brief overview Type Journal Article
Year 2006 Publication The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation Abbreviated Journal J Head Trauma Rehabil  
Volume 21 Issue 5 Pages 375-378  
Keywords Brain Injuries/*epidemiology/mortality/*rehabilitation; Brain Injury, Chronic/*epidemiology/mortality/*rehabilitation; Cause of Death; Cross-Sectional Studies; Health Services/utilization; Humans; Survival Rate; United States; Utilization Review/statistics & numerical data  
Abstract Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health problem in the United States and worldwide. The estimated 5.3 million Americans living with TBI-related disability face numerous challenges in their efforts to return to a full and productive life. This article presents an overview of the epidemiology and impact of TBI.  
Call Number Serial 2004  
Permanent link to this record

Author Yu, V.L. file  url
Title Serratia marcescens: historical perspective and clinical review Type Journal Article
Year 1979 Publication The New England Journal of Medicine Abbreviated Journal N Engl J Med  
Volume 300 Issue 16 Pages 887-893  
Keywords Aerosols; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use; Biological Warfare; Child; Cross Infection/epidemiology/etiology; Drug Contamination; Endocarditis, Bacterial/etiology; *Enterobacteriaceae Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/transmission; History, Ancient; History, Medieval; History, Modern 1601-; Humans; Injections, Intravenous/adverse effects; Microbiology/history; Sepsis/etiology; *Serratia marcescens/isolation & purification/pathogenicity; Substance-Related Disorders/complications; United States  
Abstract SERRATIA MARCESCENS is a bacterium recognized with increasing frequency as a cause of serious infection in man. This micro-organism has a romantic history dating to antiquity, when, because of production of a red pigment, it masqueraded as blood. In this century, this distinctive pigmentation, combined with its apparent low level of virulence, led to its use as a biologic marker. This article will review the more distinctive historical aspects of S. marcescens and discuss its clinical status as an emerging pathogen.  
Call Number Serial 1990  
Permanent link to this record