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Author (up) A/Rahman, S.H.; Mohamedani, A.A.; Mirgani, E.M.; Ibrahim, A.M. file  url
openurl 
  Title Gender aspects and women's participation in the control and management of malaria in central Sudan Type Journal Article
  Year 1996 Publication Social Science & Medicine (1982) Abbreviated Journal Soc Sci Med  
  Volume 42 Issue 10 Pages 1433-1446  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Animals; Consumer Participation--methods, psychology, statistics & numerical data; Cost of Illness; Developing Countries--economics, statistics & numerical data; Diarrhea--epidemiology, prevention & control; Female; Health Education--manpower, methods; Humans; Insecticides--adverse effects; Malaria, Falciparum--economics, epidemiology, prevention & control; Male; Medicine, Traditional; Middle Aged; Mosquito Control--methods; Prevalence; Program Evaluation; Sanitation; Schistosomiasis--epidemiology, prevention & control; Sudan--epidemiology; Superstitions; Treatment Outcome; Women; Women's Health  
  Abstract This work was designed to study the contribution of women in central Sudan in the control and management of malaria with particular emphasis on gender-related aspects that define women's role and participation. The Blue Nile Health Project (BNHP 1980-1990) was launched in 1980 mainly for control of water associated diseases in central Sudan. The BNHP model was chosen to conduct this work. The study showed that women were actively involved in the implementation of the BNHP strategies as health instructors (murshidat) who constituted 75% of the staff of BNHP unit of health education, as members of village health committees (VHC) where they constituted 40% of the VHC members and also as recipients of the project services. All murshidat were interviewed whereas multistage random sampling for VHC members and recipient women in 40 villages was used to select a sample which was interviewed. The results showed that the murshidat and VHC women members played a major role in the motivation, organization and health education of local communities prior to campaigns of environmental sanitation and vector control. Household commitments and difficulties in communication with the public were the main gender-related factors that contributed negatively to women's activities. Cases of malaria have more considerable socio-economic impact than other common diseases, especially with regard to women's household commitments and work. Recipient women were more concerned with aspects of self protection, management of family cases of malaria and health education programmes. They were less involved in drying mosquito breeding sites and spraying activities of insecticides which had been reluctantly accepted because of allergy and bad odour. Although the majority of women considered antimalarials to be less harmful than effects of malaria itself on pregnancy, they did not realize the role of malaria chemoprophylaxis during pregnancy. This needs more health education. The study showed that the BNHP programme was very successful in recruiting women in control and management programmes. Therefore, health planners are urged to persuade the subordinated communities of women in many African countries like Sudan to play a more active role in the health programmes and welfare of their communities.  
  Call Number Serial 169  
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Author (up) Barlett, P.F. file  url
openurl 
  Title Three Visions of Masculine Success on American Farms Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Men and Masculinities Abbreviated Journal Men and Masculinities  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 205-227  
  Keywords masculinity farming sustainable agriculture women’s work depression success Georgia Iowa Illinois  
  Abstract Anthropological, sociological, historical, and psychological approaches are combined to explore three divergent orientations to masculine success among American farmers. With a focus on the moral economy of the family, we link dimensions of work, livelihood, and marital partnership to the emotional consequences of women’s off-farm work. We contrast agrarian and industrial ideals found in Georgia, Iowa, and Illinois and connect their emergence to the transformation of the American economy over the last 100 years. Psychological and survey data from an Iowa study show some preliminary support for the Georgia findings that a more industrial notion of farmers’masculinity, emphasizing income and lifestyle and an expectation that a man will be the sole breadwinner of the family, confers a heavier emotional burden in a time of financial crisis. The Midwestern sustainable agriculture movement has given rise to a “third wave” of masculinity, a less competitive and individualistic ideology, emerging from a more global ecological awareness.  
  Call Number Serial 1590  
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Author (up) Bohn, M.T.; Matsumoto, Y. file  url
openurl 
  Title Young women in the Meiji period as linguistic trendsetters Type Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication Gender and Language Abbreviated Journal genl  
  Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages  
  Keywords Normative speech; Japanese women; Cultural expressions  
  Abstract The normative speech associated with Japanese women today has been identified as a product of the Meiji government's modernization project in the early twentieth century. In this article, we examine the speech style in question, which is found in novels, magazines, and other print media during the Meiji period (1868-1912), in conjunction with other notable expressions of the time (e.g. foreign borrowings). We also examine other cultural expressions of femininity, for example, female students' clothing and hairstyle. The analysis reveals that female students' speech style that is now categorized as 'feminine' was part of the vernacular, rather than emanating from the context of the school, as is generally asserted. It was criticized by older linguistic norm holders (e.g. educators, novelists) as being coarse, crude and unladylike, in contrast to upper-class women's speech in the preceding Edo period. Drawing comparisons with the linguistic innovation of current young Japanese women, we suggest that young female speakers of the Meiji period can be viewed as the trendsetters of the era, not simply as passive targets of ideological conditioning.  
  Call Number Serial 1520  
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Author (up) Brown Givens, S.M.; Monahan, J.L. file  url
openurl 
  Title Priming Mammies, Jezebels, and Other Controlling Images: An Examination of the Influence of Mediated Stereotypes on Perceptions of an African American Woman Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Media Psychology Abbreviated Journal Media Psychology  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 87-106  
  Keywords African american; Women; Jezebel  
  Abstract This study examines how mediated portrayals of African American women influence judgments of African American women in social situations. Participants (N = 182) observed a mammy, jezebel, or nonstereotypic image on video. Participants then observed a mock employment interview involving either an African American or White woman. Participants completed measures of implicit and explicit racial prejudice. As hypothesized, participants associated the African American interviewee more quickly with negative terms (e.g., aggressive) than with positive terms (e.g., sincere). Also as hypothesized, when evaluating the job interviewee, participants who observed the jezebel stereotype video and the African American female interviewee responded more quickly to jezebel-related terms (e.g., sexual) than positive, negative, and mammy (e.g., maternal) terms. These results call for an expansion of the boundaries used in stereotype research and closer investigation of how mediated imagery might influence person perception.  
  Call Number Serial 1326  
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Author (up) Bruckmuller, S.; Branscombe, N.R. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title The glass cliff: when and why women are selected as leaders in crisis contexts Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication The British Journal of Social Psychology / the British Psychological Society Abbreviated Journal Br J Soc Psychol  
  Volume 49 Issue Pt 3 Pages 433-451  
  Keywords Achievement; *Career Mobility; Choice Behavior; Efficiency, Organizational/*economics; Employee Performance Appraisal; Female; *Gender Identity; Humans; Judgment; *Leadership; Male; Organizational Innovation/*economics; Power (Psychology); Prejudice; Stereotyping; Women, Working/*psychology  
  Abstract The glass cliff refers to women being more likely to rise to positions of organizational leadership in times of crisis than in times of success, and men being more likely to achieve those positions in prosperous times. We examine the role that (a) a gendered history of leadership and (b) stereotypes about gender and leadership play in creating the glass cliff. In Expt 1, participants who read about a company with a male history of leadership selected a male future leader for a successful organization, but chose a female future leader in times of crisis. This interaction--between company performance and gender of the preferred future leader--was eliminated for a counter-stereotypic history of female leadership. In Expt 2, stereotypically male attributes were most predictive of leader selection in a successful organization, while stereotypically female attributes were most predictive in times of crisis. Differences in the endorsement of these stereotypes, in particular with regard to the ascription of lower stereotypically female attributes to the male candidate mediated the glass cliff effect. Overall, results suggest that stereotypes about male leadership may be more important for the glass cliff effect than stereotypes about women and leadership.  
  Call Number Serial 269  
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Author (up) Caple, H.; Greenwood, K.; Lumby, C. file  url
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  Title What League? The Representation of Female Athletes in Australian Television Sports Coverage Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Media International Australia Abbreviated Journal Media International Australia  
  Volume 140 Issue 1 Pages 137-146  
  Keywords Women's sport; Australia; Participation  
  Abstract This article explores why women's sport in Australia still struggles to attract sponsorship and mainstream media coverage despite evidence of high levels of participation and on-field successes. Data are drawn from the largest study of Australian print and television coverage of female athletes undertaken to date in Australia, as well as from a case study examining television coverage of the success of the Matildas, the Australian women's national football team, in winning the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Women's Asian Cup in 2010. This win was not only the highest ever accolade for any Australian national football team (male or female), but also guaranteed the Matildas a place in the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup in Germany [where they reached the quarter-finals]. Given the close association between success on the field, sponsorship and television exposure, this article focuses specifically on television reporting. We present evidence of the starkly disproportionate amounts of coverage across this section of the news media, and explore the circular link between media coverage, sponsorship and the profile of women's sport.  
  Call Number Serial 2089  
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Author (up) Dagkas, S.; Benn, T. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title Young Muslim women's experiences of Islam and physical education in Greece and Britain: a comparative study Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Sport, Education and Society Abbreviated Journal Sport, Education and Society  
  Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 21-38  
  Keywords Culture, Extra-curricular Activities, Islam, Muslim Women, Physical Education  
  Abstract Previous research suggests that Muslim women can experience particular problems when taking physical education (PE) lessons, for example with dress codes, mixed-teaching and exercise during Ramadan; and they can face restrictions in extra-curricular activities for cultural and religious reasons. The area is under-researched and there is little evidence of comparative studies that explore similarities and differences in cross-national experiences, which is the aim of this paper. Two studies conducted in Greece and Britain that explored the views of Muslim women on school experiences of physical education are compared. Both studies focused on diaspora communities, Greek Turkish girls and British Asian women, living in predominantly non-Muslim countries. Growing concerns about global divisions between ‘Muslims and the West’ make this a particularly pertinent study. Qualitative data were collected by interviews with 24 Greek Muslim women, and 20 British Muslim women.

Physical education has national curriculum status and a similar rationale in both countries but with different cultures of formality and tradition, which impacted on pupils’ experiences. Data suggested that Greek and British groups held positive views towards physical education but were restricted on their participation in extra-curricular activities. For the British women religious identity and consciousness of Islamic requirements were more evident than for the Greek women. Differences in stages of acculturation, historical and socio-cultural contexts contributed to less problematic encounters with physical education for Greek Muslims who appeared more closely assimilated into the dominant culture.
 
  Call Number Serial 691  
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Author (up) DeGroat, J. file  url
openurl 
  Title Working-Class Women and Republicanism in the French Revolution of 1848 Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication History of European Ideas Abbreviated Journal History of European Ideas  
  Volume 38 Issue 3 Pages 399-407  
  Keywords Women; Republicanism; Labour; Labor; 1848 Revolution; France; Gender  
  Abstract Following the February Revolution in 1848, working-class women as well as men attempted to hold the government to its promise of the right to work, through street demonstrations, individual and collective demands for work, and participation in the national workshops that had been established in an attempt to address the problem of unemployment in the capital. In the process, these activists articulated what scholars have labelled as a democratic socialist vision of republicanism. In June of 1848, women participated in the insurrection that sought to defend the vision of a social republic. While the republicanism of working-class men and bourgeois women such as George Sand has been examined, studies of working-class women in the first half of the nineteenth century have to this point focused on the romantic socialist influences that shaped their activities, in particular the Saint-Simonian movement. Drawing primarily on individual letters, police interrogations and newspaper reports, a vision of republicanism emerges that includes the ability for women to sustain their families through waged as well as household labour. This concept of republican virtue based itself not in suffrage but in women's capacity to act as both producers and consumers under just and equitable conditions.  
  Call Number Serial 883  
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Author (up) Dingwall, R.; Greatbatch, D.; Ruggerone, L. file  url
openurl 
  Title Gender and interaction in divorce mediation Type Journal Article
  Year 1998 Publication Mediation Quarterly Abbreviated Journal Mediation Quarterly  
  Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages 277-287  
  Keywords Divorce; Mediation; Women; Female; Gender; Dispute resolution  
  Abstract This article describes the findings from a study of 150 hours of audiotaped mediation work in England as they relate to the question of whether women are advantaged or disadvantaged by this mode of dispute resolution in divorce. It focuses on three questions: Are there gender-related patterns of international dominance? Is the ability of men and women to deal with issues in divorce mediation affected by traditional sex-linkages attached to those issues? Do mediators and parties categorize themselves in gendered terms? The study found that the international organization of mediation sessions inhibited gendered patterns of international dominance, men and women focused on expressive and instrumental issues in similar ways, and fathers were more likely to refer to abstract rather than experiential knowledge about children. The appearance of gender differences tended to reflect the fact that men and women tend differentially to find themselves in particular structural positions.  
  Call Number Serial 564  
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Author (up) Hogue, M. file  url
openurl 
  Title The Relevance Of The Glass Ceiling For Women Today Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Psychology of Women Quarterly Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 34 Issue 2 Pages 265-266  
  Keywords Book Review; Glass Ceiling; Women; Working Women; Workplace  
  Abstract Editors Manuela Barreto, Michelle K. Ryan, and Michael T. Schmitt fulfill those expectations by bringing together an impressive collection of eminent scholars to discuss the relevance of the glass ceiling in today's workplace. The book challenges readers to go beyond the literal interpretation of the glass ceiling metaphor to look more deeply at the complex obstacles facing contemporary working women (from article text).  
  Call Number Serial 694  
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