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Author (up) Heekeren, H.R.; Marrett, S.; Bandettini, P.A.; Ungerleider, L.G. file  url
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  Title A general mechanism for perceptual decision-making in the human brain Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature  
  Volume 431 Issue 7010 Pages 859-862  
  Keywords Animals; Attention/physiology; Brain/cytology/*physiology; Decision Making/*physiology; Face; Female; Haplorhini/physiology; Housing; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; *Models, Neurological; Pattern Recognition, Visual/physiology; Photic Stimulation; Prefrontal Cortex/cytology/physiology; Visual Perception/*physiology  
  Abstract Findings from single-cell recording studies suggest that a comparison of the outputs of different pools of selectively tuned lower-level sensory neurons may be a general mechanism by which higher-level brain regions compute perceptual decisions. For example, when monkeys must decide whether a noisy field of dots is moving upward or downward, a decision can be formed by computing the difference in responses between lower-level neurons sensitive to upward motion and those sensitive to downward motion. Here we use functional magnetic resonance imaging and a categorization task in which subjects decide whether an image presented is a face or a house to test whether a similar mechanism is also at work for more complex decisions in the human brain and, if so, where in the brain this computation might be performed. Activity within the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is greater during easy decisions than during difficult decisions, covaries with the difference signal between face- and house-selective regions in the ventral temporal cortex, and predicts behavioural performance in the categorization task. These findings show that even for complex object categories, the comparison of the outputs of different pools of selectively tuned neurons could be a general mechanism by which the human brain computes perceptual decisions.  
  Call Number Serial 1353  
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