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Author (up) O'Brien, D.P.; Braine, M.D.S.; Yang, Y. file  url
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  Title Propositional reasoning by mental models? Simple to refute in principle and in practice Type Journal Article
  Year 1994 Publication Psychological Review Abbreviated Journal Psychological Review  
  Volume 101 Issue 4 Pages 711-724  
  Keywords Mental models; Mental-logic theory  
  Abstract Two experiments compared the predictions of mental-models theory with a mental-logic theory. A total of 120 undergraduates participated. Results show that people do not make fallacious inferences predicted by mental-models theory but not predicted by mental-logic theory, and that people routinely make many valid inferences predicted by mental-logic theory that should be too difficult on mental-models theory. Thus, the mental-logic theory accounts better for the data. A difference between the 2 theories concerning predictions about the order in which inferences are made was also investigated. The data clearly favor the mental-logic theory. It is argued that the mental-logic theory provides the more plausible description of the actual psychological processes in propositional reasoning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)  
  Call Number Serial 1978  
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