Records Links
Author Orci, K.M.; Petróczki, K.; Barta, Z. file  url
Title Instantaneous song modification in response to fluctuating traffic noise in the tree cricket Oecanthus pellucens Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Animal Behaviour Abbreviated Journal Animal Behaviour  
Volume 112 Issue Pages 187-194  
Abstract Noise pollution is a world-wide phenomenon and its effects on animal behaviour have been investigated by numerous studies focusing mostly on vertebrate taxa. However, studying how insects are impacted by human-made noise is indispensable, because of their ecological importance and in order to gain a more comprehensive knowledge of how animals can cope with this new challenge. The few studies that have examined the effects of noise pollution on the acoustic signalling of insects have characterized noise over long timescales. In this study we examined whether males of the tree cricket Oecanthus pellucens modify their calling song in response to the fluctuation in traffic noise over a short timescale. To examine this question we carried out (1) noise level measurements over a short time window (200 ms) paired with song parameter measurements on sound recordings of males singing in their noise-polluted habitats and (2) laboratory playback experiments in which each singing male was recorded during a silent control period and during noise playback. Our results show that males shortened their calls (echemes) and paused singing with a higher probability with increasing noise level. However, males did not modify the fundamental frequency of their song and did not adjust the duration of the interecheme interval in response to noise. These results suggest that crickets decrease signalling effort during high levels of noise and, at least for the song parameters we examined, do not modify their signals, as do birds and frogs, to reduce masking by anthropogenic noise.

Subject Headings: acoustic signalling; anthropogenic noise; behavioural plasticity; tree cricket; urbanization
Call Number Serial 2350  
Permanent link to this record

Author Schaefer, K.E.; Chen, J.Y.C.; Szalma, J.L.; Hancock, P.A. file  url
Title A Meta-Analysis of Factors Influencing the Development of Trust in Automation: Implications for Understanding Autonomy in Future Systems Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Human Factors Abbreviated Journal Hum Factors  
Volume 58 Issue 3 Pages 377-400  
Abstract OBJECTIVE: We used meta-analysis to assess research concerning human trust in automation to understand the foundation upon which future autonomous systems can be built. BACKGROUND: Trust is increasingly important in the growing need for synergistic human-machine teaming. Thus, we expand on our previous meta-analytic foundation in the field of human-robot interaction to include all of automation interaction. METHOD: We used meta-analysis to assess trust in automation. Thirty studies provided 164 pairwise effect sizes, and 16 studies provided 63 correlational effect sizes. RESULTS: The overall effect size of all factors on trust development was g = +0.48, and the correlational effect was [Formula: see text] = +0.34, each of which represented medium effects. Moderator effects were observed for the human-related (g = +0.49; [Formula: see text] = +0.16) and automation-related (g = +0.53; [Formula: see text] = +0.41) factors. Moderator effects specific to environmental factors proved insufficient in number to calculate at this time. CONCLUSION: Findings provide a quantitative representation of factors influencing the development of trust in automation as well as identify additional areas of needed empirical research. APPLICATION: This work has important implications to the enhancement of current and future human-automation interaction, especially in high-risk or extreme performance environments.

Subject headings: *Automation; Humans; *Man-Machine Systems; *Trust; human-automation interaction; human-robot interaction; meta-analysis; trust
Call Number Serial 2316  
Permanent link to this record

Author Lam, L.T.; Lam, M.K. file  url
Title eHealth Intervention for Problematic Internet Use (PIU) Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Current Psychiatry Reports Abbreviated Journal Curr Psychiatry Rep  
Volume 18 Issue 12 Pages 107  
Abstract Excessive use of the Internet is considered a problematic behaviour by clinicians and researchers. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has been advocated for a long time as a treatment approach and has been extended to include family therapy in the recent years. As eTherapy (eHealth) has become an important component in the treatment of many mental health problems, it is prudent to explore the current status of the eHealth approach as an intervention option for this problem. This systematic review aims to examine the current development of online intervention programmes for this particular condition. The PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis were employed to conduct the search for literature following a systematic and structured approach. Of the 182 articles screened, three satisfied the selection criteria. Information was extracted and analysed systematically for each study and tabulated. All these studies were pilot studies with small sample sizes. Two of these articles aimed to explore the therapeutic efficacy of newly developed online intervention programmes for Internet addiction (IA) and online gaming addiction. The third article described the design and development of an App for smartphone addiction. The results obtained from this review have provided insight into the on-going development of eHealth interventions as well as the health informatics approaches in offering a possible and practical solution to tackle this growing problem.

Subject Headings: Behavior, Addictive/*therapy; Cognitive Therapy/methods; Humans; *Internet; Medical Informatics; *Mobile Applications; Motivational Interviewing/*methods; Psychotherapy/*methods; Telemedicine/*methods; Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy/methods; Internet addiction; Intervention; Problematic internet use; Systematic review; eHealth
Call Number Serial 2313  
Permanent link to this record

Author Webster, V.; Brough, P.; Daly, K. file  url
Title Fight, Flight or Freeze: Common Responses for Follower Coping with Toxic Leadership Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Stress and Health : Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress Abbreviated Journal Stress Health  
Volume 32 Issue 4 Pages 346-354  
Abstract Sustained destructive leadership behaviours are associated with negative outcomes that produce serious workplace problems, yet there is scant research into how followers effectively cope with toxic leader behaviours. Despite numerous attempts to develop typologies of coping behaviours, there remains much to learn, especially in relation to this specific workplace stressor. This mixed method research investigates the coping strategies reported by 76 followers to cope with the psychological, emotional and physical consequences of their leader's adverse behaviour. Coping instances were categorized using two existing theoretical coping frameworks, and the ability of these frameworks to explain responses to real-world experiences with toxic leadership are discussed. Common coping strategies reported included assertively challenging the leader, seeking social support, ruminating, taking leave and leaving the organization. Organizational interventions to increase effectiveness of follower coping with the impact of toxic leadership are also discussed. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Subject Headings: *Adaptation, Psychological; Adult; *Bullying; Female; Humans; *Interpersonal Relations; *Leadership; Male; Middle Aged; Stress, Psychological/*psychology; Workplace/*psychology; *abusive supervision; *coping; *destructive leadership; *stress management; *toxic leadership
Call Number Serial 2310  
Permanent link to this record

Author Gorenflo, L.J.; Warner, D.B. file  url
Title Integrating biodiversity conservation and water development: in search of long-term solutions: Integrating biodiversity conservation and water development Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water Abbreviated Journal WIREs Water  
Volume 3 Issue 3 Pages 301-311  
Abstract Fresh water, a resource necessary for most life on Earth, currently experiences impacts that reduce both water quality and quantity. These impacts compromise human wellbeing and threaten the existence of many nonhuman species, the latter including freshwater biodiversity as well as other species requiring water to survive. In response, development and conservation professionals strive to ensure that adequate fresh water is available for people and other organisms. Here we examine the need to coordinate efforts in these two areas of intervention to ensure long‐term success for both. We begin by discussing how places needing water development and biodiversity conservation tend to be located in the same parts of the world, suggesting that projects in each subject area may well co‐occur. We then summarize briefly the current challenges facing water development and freshwater‐related biodiversity conservation, as well as the main approaches to address those challenges. The study examines potential strategies to provide improved access to water for both people and nature through integrated water resources management and less formal approaches to avoiding unintended impacts of one activity on the other. Example projects reveal several benefits of linking development and biodiversity conservation efforts to maintain water resources. The study closes by arguing for the need to coordinate water development and biodiversity conservation activities in a manner that seeks practical synchronized solutions for particular project settings. WIREs Water 2016, 3:301311.

Subject Headings: Biodiversity; Water development
Call Number Serial 2296  
Permanent link to this record