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Author (up) Downing, K.J.; Thomson, J.A. file  url
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  Title Introduction of the Serratia marcescens chiA gene into an endophytic Pseudomonas fluorescens for the biocontrol of phytopathogenic fungi Type Journal Article
  Year 2000 Publication Canadian Journal of Microbiology Abbreviated Journal Can J Microbiol  
  Volume 46 Issue 4 Pages 363-369  
  Keywords Chitinases/*genetics/metabolism; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolism; Escherichia coli/genetics; Fabaceae/microbiology; *Pest Control, Biological; Plant Diseases/microbiology; Plants, Medicinal; Plasmids/genetics; Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Pseudomonas fluorescens/*enzymology/*genetics/growth & development/isolation & purification; Repressor Proteins/genetics/metabolism; Rhizoctonia/*growth & development; *Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; Serratia marcescens/enzymology/*genetics; *Telomere-Binding Proteins  
  Abstract An endophytic strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens was isolated from micropropagated apple plantlets and introduced into beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) via their root tips. It was shown to be present as an endophyte in the roots at a level of 1.2 x 10(5) CFU/g fresh weight. The gene coding for the major chitinase of Serratia marcescens, chiA, was cloned under the control of the tac promoter into the broad-host-range plasmid pKT240 and the integration vector pJFF350. Pseudomonas fluorescens carrying tacchiA either on the plasmid or integrated into the chromosome is an effective biocontrol agent of the phytopathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani on bean seedlings under plant growth chamber conditions.  
  Call Number Serial 1662  
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Author (up) Tian, C.; Wang, C.; Tian, Y.; Wu, X.; Xiao, B. file  url
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  Title Vertical distribution of Fe and Fe(III)-reducing bacteria in the sediments of Lake Donghu, China Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Canadian Journal of Microbiology Abbreviated Journal Can J Microbiol  
  Volume 61 Issue 8 Pages 575-583  
  Keywords Bacteria/*isolation & purification/metabolism; China; Ferric Compounds/*metabolism; Geobacter/metabolism; Geologic Sediments/*microbiology; Iron/*analysis; Lakes/*microbiology; Fe faiblement cristallin; Fe reduction; Fe(III)-reducing bacteria; Lake Donghu; bacteries reductrices de Fe(III); distribution verticale; lac Donghu; poorly crystalline Fe; reduction de Fe; vertical distribution  
  Abstract In lake sediments, iron (Fe) is the most versatile element, and the redox cycling of Fe has a wide influence on the biogeochemical cycling of organic and inorganic substances. The aim of the present study was to analyze the vertical distribution of Fe and Fe(III)-reducing bacteria (FeRB) in the surface sediment (30 cm) of Lake Donghu, China. At the 3 sites we surveyed, FeRB and Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) coexisted in anoxic sediments. Geobacter-related FeRB accounted for 5%-31% of the total Bacteria, while Gallionella-related FeOB accounted for only 0.1%-1.3%. A significant correlation between the relative abundance of poorly crystalline Fe and Geobacter spp. suggested that poorly crystalline Fe favored microbial Fe(III) reduction. Poorly crystalline Fe and Geobacter spp. were significantly associated with solid-phase Fe(II) and total inorganic phosphorus levels. Pore water Fe(II) concentrations negatively correlated with NO3(-) at all sites. We concluded that Geobacter spp. were abundant in the sediments of Lake Donghu, and the redox of Fe might participate in the cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus in sediments. These observations provided insight into the roles of microbial Fe cycling in lake sediments.  
  Call Number Serial 1205  
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Author (up) Zhang, G.; Niu, F.; Ma, X.; Liu, W.; Dong, M.; Feng, H.; An, L.; Cheng, G. file  url
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  Title Phylogenetic diversity of bacteria isolates from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost region Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Canadian Journal of Microbiology Abbreviated Journal Can J Microbiol  
  Volume 53 Issue 8 Pages 1000-1010  
  Keywords Altitude; Bacteria/classification/*genetics/isolation & purification; Biodiversity; *Genetic Variation; Molecular Sequence Data; *Phylogeny; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Tibet  
  Abstract The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in east Asia is a unique and important permafrost environment. However, its microbiology remains largely unexplored to date. In this study, sediment samples were collected from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost region, bacteria isolation procedures were performed 8 times, and the samples incubated at 4 degrees C for nearly 3 months. The number of colony forming units (cfu) ranged from 0 to 10(7)/(g dry soil). The quantity of culturable bacteria grew exponentially within the first few weeks, and then slowed gradually to a plateau. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that all the isolates fell into 6 categories: high G+C Gram-positive bacteria, low G+C Gram-positive bacteria, alpha-Proteobacteria, beta-Proteobacteria, gamma-Proteobacteria, and Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group bacteria. The isolates belong to 19 genera, but the genera Arthrobacter and Pseudomonas were predominant. With the increase in incubation time, the isolated populations changed in terms of both species and their respective quantities. Of the 33 analyzed isolates, 9 isolates related to 8 genera might be new taxa. These results suggest that the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost region is a specific ecologic niche that accommodates an original microbial assemblage.  
  Call Number Serial 223  
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