more information
Search within Results:

Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print
  Records Links
Author (up) Parsons, A.B.; Brost, R.L.; Ding, H.; Li, Z.; Zhang, C.; Sheikh, B.; Brown, G.W.; Kane, P.M.; Hughes, T.R.; Boone, C. file  url
doi  openurl
  Title Integration of chemical-genetic and genetic interaction data links bioactive compounds to cellular target pathways Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Nature Biotechnology Abbreviated Journal Nat Biotechnol  
  Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 62-69  
  Keywords Biotechnology/*methods; Cluster Analysis; Drug Industry/*methods; *Drug Resistance; Fungal Proteins/metabolism; Gene Deletion; *Gene Expression Regulation; Mutation; Pharmacogenetics; Proton-Translocating ATPases/metabolism; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/*genetics; Software  
  Abstract Bioactive compounds can be valuable research tools and drug leads, but it is often difficult to identify their mechanism of action or cellular target. Here we investigate the potential for integration of chemical-genetic and genetic interaction data to reveal information about the pathways and targets of inhibitory compounds. Taking advantage of the existing complete set of yeast haploid deletion mutants, we generated drug-hypersensitivity (chemical-genetic) profiles for 12 compounds. In addition to a set of compound-specific interactions, the chemical-genetic profiles identified a large group of genes required for multidrug resistance. In particular, yeast mutants lacking a functional vacuolar H(+)-ATPase show multidrug sensitivity, a phenomenon that may be conserved in mammalian cells. By filtering chemical-genetic profiles for the multidrug-resistant genes and then clustering the compound-specific profiles with a compendium of large-scale genetic interaction profiles, we were able to identify target pathways or proteins. This method thus provides a powerful means for inferring mechanism of action.  
  Call Number Serial 339  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Wieschaus, E.; Nusslein-Volhard, C.; Kluding, H. file  url
openurl 
  Title Kruppel, a gene whose activity is required early in the zygotic genome for normal embryonic segmentation Type Journal Article
  Year 1984 Publication Developmental Biology Abbreviated Journal Dev Biol  
  Volume 104 Issue 1 Pages 172-186  
  Keywords Abdomen/anatomy & histology; Alleles; Animals; Drosophila melanogaster/embryology/*genetics; Embryo, Nonmammalian/*physiology; Female; Gastrula/physiology; *Genes; Heterozygote; Homozygote; *Mutation; Thorax/anatomy & histology  
  Abstract Embryos homozygous for Kruppel die as late embryos with an altered segmentation pattern. In strong alleles the normal thoracic and anterior abdominal segments are replaced by a partial mirror image duplication of the posterior abdomen. Weak alleles cause smaller pattern deletions in the thorax and abdomen and are not associated with mirror image duplications. The altered segmentation pattern can be traced back to 12 min after the onset of gastrulation, when the shorter germ bands in homozygous Kr embryos provide a first indication of abnormal patterning. The mutant was mapped to position 107.6 at the tip of the right arm of the second chromosome, cytologically to bands 60F2-5. Analysis of homozygous deficiency embryos indicate that the phenotype produced by strong point mutations probably represents the amorphic condition. The requirement for Kr+ gene activity is strictly zygotic. Maternal dosage of Kr+ has no effect on the embryonic phenotype, nor does homozygosity for Kr prevent germ cells from making normal eggs capable of normal embryonic development when fertilized by wild-type sperm. The requirement for Kr+ seems restricted to embryogenesis. Homozygous clones induced in imaginal discs during larval development survive and develop normally and in vivo cultures established from homozygous embryos proliferate normally and metamorphose into adult structures of normal morphology.  
  Call Number Serial 294  
Permanent link to this record
Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print

Save Citations: