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Author (up) Baylis, H.A.; Furuichi, T.; Yoshikawa, F.; Mikoshiba, K.; Sattelle, D.B. file  url
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  Title Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors are strongly expressed in the nervous system, pharynx, intestine, gonad and excretory cell of Caenorhabditis elegans and are encoded by a single gene (itr-1) Type Journal Article
  Year 1999 Publication Journal of Molecular Biology Abbreviated Journal J Mol Biol  
  Volume 294 Issue 2 Pages 467-476  
  Keywords Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Binding Sites; Caenorhabditis elegans/*genetics; Calcium Channels/*genetics/*metabolism; Cell Membrane/genetics/metabolism; Conserved Sequence; Gene Expression Profiling; Gonads/metabolism; Helminth Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors; Intestines/metabolism; Molecular Sequence Data; Nervous System/metabolism; Pharynx/metabolism; RNA, Messenger; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/*genetics/*metabolism; Rectum/cytology/metabolism  
  Abstract Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) activates receptors (InsP3Rs) that mediate intracellular Ca(2+ )release, thereby modulating intracellular calcium signals and regulating important aspects of cellular physiology and gene expression. To further our understanding of InsP3Rs we have characterised InsP3Rs and the InsP3R gene, itr-1, from the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. cDNAs encoding InsP3Rs were cloned enabling us to: (a) identify three putative transcription start sites that result in alternative mRNA 5' ends: (b) detect alternative splicing at three sites and: (c) determine the full genomic organisation of the itr-1 gene. The InsP3R protein (ITR-1) is approximately 42 % identical with known InsP3Rs and possesses conserved structural features. When the putative InsP3 binding domain was expressed in Escherichia coli, specific binding of InsP3 was detected. Using antibodies against ITR-1 we detected a protein of 220 kDa in C. elegans membranes. These antibodies and itr-1::GFP (green fluorescent protein) reporter constructs were used to determine the expression pattern of itr-1 in C. elegans. Strong expression was observed in the intestine, pharynx, nerve ring, excretory cell and gonad. These results demonstrate the high degree of structural and functional conservation of InsP3Rs from nematodes to mammals and the utility of C. elegans as a system for studies on InsP3R mediated signalling.  
  Call Number Serial 309  
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Author (up) Iorga, B.; Herlem, D.; Barre, E.; Guillou, C. file  url
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  Title Acetylcholine nicotinic receptors: finding the putative binding site of allosteric modulators using the “blind docking” approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Journal of Molecular Modeling Abbreviated Journal J Mol Model  
  Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 366-372  
  Keywords Allosteric Site; Amino Acid Sequence; Conserved Sequence; Humans; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; Protein Structure, Quaternary; Protein Subunits/chemistry/metabolism; Receptors, Nicotinic/*chemistry/*metabolism; Sequence Alignment  
  Abstract Allosteric potentiation of acetylcholine nicotinic receptors is considered to be one of the most promising approaches for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. However, the exact localization of the allosteric binding site and the potentiation mechanism at the molecular level are presently unknown. We have performed the “blind docking” of three known allosteric modulators (galanthamine, codeine and eserine) with the Acetylcholine Binding Protein and models of human alpha7, alpha3beta4 and alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptors, created by homology modeling. Three putative binding sites were identified in the channel pore, each one showing different affinities for the ligands. One of these sites is localized opposite to the agonist binding site and is probably implicated in the potentiation process. On the basis of these results, a possible mechanism for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs) activation is proposed. The present findings may represent an important advance for understanding the allosteric modulation mechanism of nAChRs. [Figure: see text].  
  Call Number Serial 1889  
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