Increasing death rates of children and adolescents in the United States

Featured article: *Woolf SH, Wolf ER, Rivara FP. (2023). The New Crisis of Increasing All-Cause Mortality in US Children and Adolescents. JAMA. Published online March 13, 2023. “Although life expectancy in industrialized countries has lengthened over the past century, increases in US life expectancy ceased after 2010, a trend attributed to rising mortality rates among individuals aged 25 to 64 years. Although midlife mortality rates…

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US shootings: Norway and Finland have similar levels of gun ownership, but far less gun crime

Peter Squires, University of Brighton (from The Conversation) In the wake of the most recent US mass school shooting in Uvalde, Texas, where 19 pupils and two teachers were killed by an 18-year-old armed with an assault rifle, a comparison considering how the US compares with other countries on children’s deaths caused by guns is compelling. As the independent non-profit US organization the Children’s Defense…

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Guns and violence

School shootings, firearm laws, and gun ownership in the United States

Featured articles: *Reeping, P. M., Klarevas, L., Rajan, S., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Heinze, J., Zeoli, A. M., . . . Branas, C. C. (2022). State firearm laws, gun ownership, and k-12 school shootings: Implications for school safety. Journal of School Violence. [Cited by] “Limited research has been conducted on the state-level factors that may be associated with intentional school shootings. We obtained school shooting data from…

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Preschool: the benefits for children and society

Over the years, research has shown that going to preschool can benefit children immediately in many ways–building and strengthening academic skills plus social and personal skills like self-control and listening. Other research makes a strong economic argument and ties quality preschool to significant impacts later in life: more employment, higher earnings, more home ownership, less crime. Despite these potential benefits, preschool education is not consistently…

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Parent influence on child obesity

How do parents influence the development of obesity in their children? Conversely, how can parents prevent child obesity? An update to the Childhood obesity and parents’ influence bibliography. Featured articles (these articles have been added to the bibliography): *Benton, D. (2004). Role of parents in the determination of the food preferences of children and the development of obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Disorders,…

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Preterm birth and kidney disease: the risk

“Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) interrupts the development and maturation of the kidneys during a critical growth period. The third trimester of pregnancy is the most active period of fetal nephrogenesis [development of the kidney], during which more than 60% of nephrons [the functional units of the kidney] are formed.” Interruption of this process results in a lower nephron number that is lifelong. “Lower nephron…

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