Parent influence on child obesity

How do parents influence the development of obesity in their children? Conversely, how can parents prevent child obesity? An update to the Childhood obesity and parents’ influence bibliography. Featured articles (these articles have been added to the bibliography): *Benton, D. (2004). Role of parents in the determination of the food preferences of children and the development of obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Disorders,…

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High-sugar diets: Discovering human impacts through animal models

High-sugar diets can have many negative effects. One way to pinpoint the physical changes they can cause in humans is to test their effects on animal models that share similarities with humans. Featured articles (these articles have been added to the Science Primary Literature database): *Alcántar-Fernández, J., González-Maciel, A., Reynoso-Robles, R., Martha Elva Pérez Andrade, de J Hernández-Vázquez, A., Velázquez-Arellano, A., & Miranda-Ríos, J. (2019)….

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Current explorations of nutrition and the gut microbiome: a comprehensive evaluation of the review literature

The human gut microbiota — it might be more accurate to think of it like an immune system: a collection of cells that work in unison with the host and that can promote health but sometimes initiate disease. Featured article: Frame, L. A., Costa, E., & Jackson, S. A. (2020). Current explorations of nutrition and the gut microbiome: A comprehensive evaluation of the review literature….

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A healthy lifestyle equals more years of life without major diseases

Connections: “Various healthy lifestyle profiles appear to be associated with extended gains in life lived without type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and cancer.”  What does this mean?/background: Healthy habits add up to 10 disease-free years to your life, study reveals. NHS, January 9, 2020. Research: Nyberg, S. T., Singh-Manoux, A., Pentti, J., Madsen, I. E. H., Sabia, S., Alfredsson, L., . . ….

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Childhood obesity and parents’ influence

Child obesity is a major global health problem in both developed and developing countries. Tens of millions of children (perhaps as many as 15-20% of all children) are overweight or even obese by the age of 5 or younger. “Obese children are likely to become obese adults and are at higher risk of developing a range of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), type…

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Postmenopausal bone health and nutrition

Quick bibliography: 5 reviews/recent articles on postmenopausal bone health and nutrition. Classic review: Ilich, J. Z. & Kerstetter, J.E. (2000). Nutrition in Bone Health Revisited: A Story Beyond Calcium.  Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 19 (6), 715-737. [Cited by] “Osteoporosis is a complex, multi-factorial condition characterized by reduced bone mass and impaired micro-architectural structure, leading to an increased susceptibility to fractures. Although most of…

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