Off-shore oil drilling can increase the spread of antibiotic resistance

Featured article: *Wang, J., & Jiti, Z. (2021). Petroleum exploitation enriches the sulfonamide resistance gene sul2 in offshore sediments. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 39(3), 946-954. “Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been considered as emerging contaminants in nature owing to their wide distribution and human health risk. Anthropogenic activities can increase the diversity and abundance of ARGs and promote their spread in environment. Offshore…

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Drinking alcohol and the risk of cancer: what do Americans believe?

Can drinking alcoholic beverages cause or increase the risk of developing cancer? Yes. But do Americans believe that? An update to the Drinking alcohol: how much is too much? bibliography; for the most current version of the bibliography, see — https://sciencebibliographies.strategian.com/drinking-alcohol-how-much-is-too-much-2/. Featured article (this article has been added to the Science Primary Literature database): *Kiviniemi, M. T., Orom, H., Hay, J. L., & Waters, E….

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Brown fat

Brown adipose tissue/brown fat

Brown adipose tissue, or brown fat, is a type of fat cell that converts energy into body heat when food is eaten and digested, as opposed to white adipose tissue, or white fat, that is more plentiful and accumulates in noticeable parts of the body (for example, the belly) when too many calories are consumed and too few are expended through exercise. White fat is…

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T cells and autoimmune disease

An update to the Autoimmune diseases–prevention and control bibliography; this article has been added to the bibliography and to the Science Primary Literature Database. Featured article: *Lee, D. J. (2020). The relationship between TIGIT+ regulatory T cells and autoimmune disease. International Immunopharmacology, 83, 1. [Cited by] “The role of regulatory T cells (Treg cell) in controlling autoimmune disease is an area of intense study. As…

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High-sugar diets: Discovering human impacts through animal models

High-sugar diets can have many negative effects. One way to pinpoint the physical changes they can cause in humans is to test their effects on animal models that share similarities with humans. Featured articles (these articles have been added to the Science Primary Literature database): *Alcántar-Fernández, J., González-Maciel, A., Reynoso-Robles, R., Martha Elva Pérez Andrade, de J Hernández-Vázquez, A., Velázquez-Arellano, A., & Miranda-Ríos, J. (2019)….

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Preterm birth and kidney disease: the risk

“Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) interrupts the development and maturation of the kidneys during a critical growth period. The third trimester of pregnancy is the most active period of fetal nephrogenesis [development of the kidney], during which more than 60% of nephrons [the functional units of the kidney] are formed.” Interruption of this process results in a lower nephron number that is lifelong. “Lower nephron…

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